Developmental interventions, or “health services,” are provided to families who have a child or children that have a developmental delay. Medical treatment is recommended according to individual need and should not differ from common approaches to providing medical care. To get special therapy related services, the state will use an Individualized Education Program (IEP). These services will mainly occur in school but can also take place in the home or community.
There are generally three types of therapies provided to children who qualify through the school system: occupational therapy, physical therapy and speech therapy.
- Occupational therapy deals with strengthening fine-motor skills like writing, cutting, shoe-tying and using utensils.
- Physical therapy focuses on gross motor skills like walking, kicking, jumping and climbing stairs.
- Speech therapy focuses on receptive language, or the ability to understand words spoken to you, and expressive language, or the ability to use words to express yourself.